Category: Disease Prevention

It's All in the Mind - Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Published:18 Feb, 2017     By: Salan Khalkho     3 min read

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), also commonly referred as "imagined ugliness" disorder is an anxiety disorder where in people suffering from this disorder are abnormally preoccupied with imaginary physical flaws or slight defect in their physical appearance of skin, hair and nose.


Body dysmorphic disorder

At some point in time everybody feels unhappy about the way they look. For most of the people these thoughts come and go and are over time forgotten. But for people suffering from Body Dysmorphic Disorder, these thoughts are very discomforting and don't part with time.

people with Body dysmorphic disorder feel depressed

Body Dysmorphic Disorder leads to depression

For a normal person it's not a big concern since for them there is nothing wrong with the way the person looks. But for the person suffering from Body Dysmorphic Disorder, it leads to depression and thoughts of suicide. Around 5 out of every 1000 people suffer from Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

abnormally preoccupied with imaginary physical flaws

Body Dysmorphic Disorder is an anxiety disorder

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), also commonly referred as "imagined ugliness" disorder is an anxiety disorder where in people suffering from this disorder are abnormally preoccupied with imaginary physical flaws or slight defect in their physical appearance of skin, hair and nose. These people generally tend to undergo cosmetic surgery and mostly may remain unhappy with its outcome.

excessive use of mirrors

People with Body Dysmorphic Disorder develop obsessive behavior

People with BDD have disruptive effect on their life. They often develop routine and habits like excessive use of mirrors or picking their skin to deal with the concerns they have about the way their body looks. These habits significantly impact their ability to carry on with their day-to-day life and may even lead to other potential problems such as:

  • Feel lonely since they might isolate themselves from the outer world
  • Feelings of shame and guilt
  • Feelings of anxiety or discomfort which may further lead to depression
  • Alcohol misuse or misuse of other drugs
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Self-harm

worried about what people would think

People with Body Dysmorphic Disorder don't speak with others about their problems

People suffering from BDD generally don't speak about out it with other or seek other's help since they are worried about what people would think about them. As a result of many people suffering from BDD end up wasting good amount of time before seeking help.

    negative thoughts and low self esteem

    Body Dysmorphic Disorder leads to negative thoughts and low self esteem

    They spend several hours a day thinking negatively about their appearance. They may either be worried about specific area of their body or about several different areas.

    Some of the areas of anxiety include:

    • Facial features (eyes, nose, chin, lips, skin or hair)
    • Particular areas of body such as breast or genitals
    • Feels that their body is either unbalanced or lack symmetry
    • Feels one or many body features are out of proportion with the rest of the body
    • Feels either too fat or too skinny

    Medical community has no answer

    Reasons for Body Dysmorphic Disorder

    Medical community has yet not figured out even a single concrete reason for the development of Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Majority of medical experts have the opinion that psychological, biological and socio-cultural factors have lead to its emergence.

      Conclusion

      According to them neurochemical factors like abnormalities in the brain chemical serotonin may be the main culprit why some people are more likely to express the symptoms of BDD and than others. In some cases psychological factors may also play role where the person suffering from BDD has gone through teasing about their appearance during their childhood, or sexual abuse.



      Important Note: Medical and health related information given in this article is not a substitute for professional medical advice. This article is intended for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment.



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